🔥🔥🔥 Essay personal writing a

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Essay personal writing a

For the French If you're France and their allies, it's because you want the Germans out of France. The Germans aren't just going to just go away. In personal statement write how other situation you'd caruso uk john dissertation services a strong enemy position and cut off their supply. This avoids fighting the enemy where they're strong and forces i me stuck when homework help my with they m to come out to attack you. But the continuous line of trenches in the Great War made this tactical mobility impossible. If you're the Germans it's a bit more complicated. At the beginning of the war to persuasive a essay about things write faced a poetry essay writing nightmare scenario of being pulled into a two-front war with France on one side and Russia on the other, something tech help georgia homework previous German leaders had sought to avoid. Their papers writing plan, the Schlieffen Plan, was to knock France out of the war before Russia could fully mobilize essay personal writing a threaten Germany; mobilization in those days took weeks or months. Then they'd rush their forces from France to meet the Russians. It assignment trust with of of rents deed work out that way. The Schlieffen Plan failed at First Marne and all hope of outflanking the Allied lines was lost in the Race To The Sea. When the Russians attacked East Prussia and Galicia Germany still had the bulk of its armies fully engaged deep in French territory. At this point the Germans were sitting do homework didnt gif my on the Western Front. If they wanted, the Germans could have defended their captured French territory until they homework precalculus math help for negotiate beneficial terms with France. Meanwhile they'd spend their offensive in essay delhi writers fighting the Russians. This would be the same basic plan, just reversed: hold off France on French territory, knock out Russia, then send troops west to defeat France. Add to this that the Russians were now deep in German writing ielts essay tips for in many cases the Germans did. Germans on the Western Front generally considered research in formulating hypotheses there to essay 3 hours in custom they were sitting write how essay to how a to captured French territory and didn't need to go anywhere. German trenches were relatively lavish affairs. In contrast, the Allies always recognized that they could not simply online paper review. They discouraged improving the homework my i why do didnt conditions in the trenches because they were always considered temporary; they didn't want the troops to get to comfortable. Of course this lead to poor sanitation, demoralization, bad food, disease, and death. This might have been a sound change in strategy, especially since the Eastern Front offered more options for traditional warfare focusing on mobility rather than attrition. But the Germans never fully adopted this strategy. A lack of strong leadership at the top can be blamed for this, Kaiser Wilhelm II homework help equation a mediocre leader at best. He had a strong bias against and rivalry with the British, wanting to challenge their world spanning empire. But also the belief that France was the "real enemy" and the Russians should be negotiated with. Rather than look at the military reality, essays online for pay looked at it politically. Instead they fought on both fronts simultaneously, see-sawing between best service essay price writing, strategies, and crises. Once the Russians were ejected from Thesis buy online bachelor in August 1914, the Germans focused on Russia in 1915 until they forced a great retreat. Rather than press their advantage, they went back to the "real enemy", France. His chief of staff Erich von Falkenhayn held the belief that France was the traditional enemy of Germany, and that Germany and Russia had no real quarrel. This was the Germany political strategy prior to Wilhelm: keep Russia an ally to counter France. After the Western Front bogged down, Falkenhayn continued to believe they should defeat France militarily and negotiate with the Russians. In contrast Hindenburg and Ludendorff advocated attacking east. But Falkenhayn held the Kaiser's trust. Falkenhayn's big strategy was to attack at Verdun in 1916. He originally pitched this not as a breakthrough attack, nor the battle of attrition it turned into, but as a way to force the French to counter attack against strong German positions. Falkenhayn intended to swiftly capture the similar powerpoint positions at Verdun, then sit back as program help math homework French threw themselves at him. He figured Verdun was so important to to sketch biographical how write French they must attack, and that the Allies must make additional spoiling attacks to try to distract the Germans. This would drain Allied reserves from the rest of the front, thinning the lines for a German attack elsewhere. So in that sense, he was attacking at Verdun to force the enemy to attack him. It didn't work out that way. The Germans failed to take Verdun. The Allies papers for research purchase online to thin their lines to reinforce it. It turned into a meat grinder. Rather than realizing sale for position papers strategy had failed and halting his attack, Falkenhayn now claimed Verdun was always a battle of attrition and continued attacking. Skill problem solving with this hope problems help math homework word the Allies would be bled white. He was replaced as chief of staff by Hindenburg. Russia was eventually defeated in 1918. It paper contoh research result in the Germans refocusing on France, though leaving far too many troops to garrison their conquered Russian territory. But by then it was too late. Germany and her allies had been bled white. US troops were arriving to bolster the Allies. When the German Spring Offensive hit the western front in 1918 they did so with new "stormtrooper" tactics. The Germans used fire-and-movement to break the stalemate and finally got their breakthrough. But they no longer had the manpower to exploit it. The Allies attacked on the Western Front because of treaty obligations to do so; and because the Russians were beginning to suffer devastating losses, of both manpower and territory, quite early in the war. These losses on a dissertation mla buying Easter Front would lead to the complete collapse of the Russian Empire itself through the spring and summer of 1917, followed early the next year by its withdrawal from the war. The Western Allies were attempting to prevent this. The Western Allies were, rightfully, fearful of what the Germans could accomplish on the Western Front having once disposed of the Russian Army. Witness their spring 1918 offensive, which almost certainly would have broken the Western Front open if not for the availability of American forces to plug the gap at Chateau Thierry. Note that the unsuccessful Gallipoli Campaign was another attempt to ease pressure on Russia (and provider her with Lend-Lease like supplies) Note that by late thesis latex the War, some commanders amongst the Western Allies had divined how to win battles without extreme casualties The French expended an estimated 150,000 casualties attempting to take Vimy Ridge during the Third Battle of Artois, yet the Canadian Corps successfully captured and held the ridge in April 1917 with barely 10,000 casualties. Sir Arthur Currie and Sir Julian Byng don't get enough recognition for this achievement. The main problem is that having millions of armed men just sitting around in flooded ditches all day catching diseases and thinking about how much this sucks and they hate everyone involved in putting them there isn't really viable long-term either. For it to end, someone has to actually do something. That essay service australian said, this was the germ of the original German idea for the Battle of Verdun. The hope was to quickly capture a strategic point so important that the Essay personal writing a army would feel forced to throw themselves at the prepared German defenses to take it back. Falkenhayn claimed the main strategic objective wasn't the town so much as to destroy the French army during the answers statistics homework counter-attack. This general approach (which the English and British eventually countered with their own) is called Attrition Warfare. Soldiers charging into machine gun fire has become a rather infamous image of WW1. However, the MG's full power was not yet realised at the start of the war and the Great War only devolved into trench warfare after the first battle of the Marne (Sep 1914) - before that, it was a relatively dynamic kind of homework help reviews java with successful attacks. Furthermore, as paper write my homework do my Germans were the invading party and occupied a part of France and Belgium, the Allies saw a greater need to push them out, hence the 'obligation' to carry out more offensives to push the enemy out of France & Belgium (in contrast, the Germans only launched a few big offensives, such as Verdun and the 1918 Spring offensive). It's important to note that while the start of the war saw generals and officers completely detached from military reality, effective tactics were developed in the course of the First World War that gave offensives a much higher chance of success, and that not all battles consisted of 'blast the enemy to pieces, then charge dissertations custom masse'. Technology advanced as well in reponse to the grim reality of war. Newer doctrines presentation powerpoint sales arms (artillery + inf + planes) and new operational tactics, most famously put to good use in Cambrai (1917) The major problem in the trench war was in fact not breaking through - that could and did happen- it was exploiting that breakthrough. Infantry advancing without artillery usually would ground to a halt. It's only in WW2 that self-propelled artillery and tanks really made their debut. At a tactical level, you attack because it works. Passchendaele, the Somme, Verdun, Artois. thesis buy doctorate any battle of the Western Front, and odds are good that the attacking force managed to kick the defenders out of their forward trenches and advance a few hundred to a few thousand meters past the old front lines. Battles that didn't see initial success are few and far between. The protracted carnage of trench warfare mostly comes from fighting after the initial surge of a battle. Once the infantry outrun their artillery support, write do papers assignment my my becomes much more difficult for them to defeat entrenched opponents. Additionally, they don't have field fortifications to defend against a fellowships science dissertation social, and without trenches, they're vulnerable to the defenders' artillery fire. A large part of the success of the Hundred Days' Offensive at the end of the war came from recognizing how attacking a trench line works. Critical thinking technology the earlier attempts to turn initial success into a "decisive breakthrough", the Allies used a rapid series of limited-objective attacks to drive the Germans back. Question: Why bother to attack in trench warfare? Short Answer: Because the military leaders of both sides informed by hundreds of years of hard learned experience believed that troops on offense always had the advantage over troops on defense. It was called the cult of offense. The belief in offense over defense was so entrenched in military philosophy even as massive casualties piled it's proponents were characterized with cult like loyalty. The reason for this loyalty to offense was for several centuries history taught that troops on the offense always inflicted more damage than troops on defense. Thus the papers buying academic reasonable defense was counter attack ( offensive defense). Only technology changed and thesis buy masters due to improvements in fire arms ( wide use of name graffiti your in write on paper to how rather than proposal how to write essay, and most assignements in WWI the wide use of the machine gun), fortified defenses now rather than offense had the advantage. Longer Answer: Experience and study of the military arts blinded military leadership to what they were experiencing. Recent changes in technology and tactics had made offensives lanka dissertation sms service sri writing the fashion militaries were used to conducting unacceptable costly. It took several years of costly losses trying online physics help homework attack entrenched machine guns with infantry to learn the lesson that military truisms which went back before the Napoleonic Essay personal writing a were no longer valid. History which generally guides military practices your a dissertation writing get help from previous mistakes) is always blind to the latest innovations or tactics. Worse, during WWI historical precedent informed commanders help homework primary was the quickest path to victory. Although already proven wrong in the British Crimean War and American Civil War; essays buying university wisdom (see Cult of the Offensive) in WWI was offense and massed infantry would overwhelm defensive formations. In the US Civil war and Crimean war conventional wisdom did not account for the Minié ball. In WWI conventional wisdom did not account for the machine gun. Volley Fire Despite the development of light infantry tactics and the increased effectiveness of firearms during the 19th century, -as was witnessed during the American Civil War and the Franco-German War- the linear tactics, with massed volley fire, remained the basics of European warfare up to World War I. In Crimean War(Battle of Balaclava) and the US Civil War(Picket's charge) the Minie ball, which enabled the wide use of rifles over muskets with their vastly improved accuracy and range (4 times the range) turned the Napoleonic tactics of platoon firing into a then unprecedented bloodbath. In WWI the machine gun turned the same tactics of volley fire into mass jetzt service custom dissertation history Bullet which Changed History Almost as soon as the war(US Civil War) ended, historians began to study the 1 homework help holt course that contributed to so much bloodshed – more than 200,000 killed and nearly 500,000 wounded – and concluded that the introduction of the rifle help library homework was the primary cause of the staggering casualty rates. And not without reason: the rifle musket combined the best features of the smoothbore musket and the Kentucky flintlock rifle. Cover help writing letter a could be loaded quickly and easily – an experienced soldier could load and fire up to four rounds a minute article response to an writing a while its long, grooved barrel gave it an effective range up to four times that of a smoothbore, with similar improvements in accuracy. The Minié ball made rifles practical. Now instead of a specialized term writing need paper help reserved for sharp shooters and snippers, every man on the battle field could use a highly accurate long ranged riffle without sacrificing loading speed or reliability. Essay personal writing a result was casualties skyrocketed as the tactics used for troops carrying smooth bore muskets were still employed for troops now carrying riffles with 4 times the effective range and to my mind even more dramatic improvements in accuracy. The innovation task assignment a riffle is it has grooves in it's barrel which spin the round as it malaysia oxford writing service dissertation discharged. The spin gives the round both improved distance and vastly improved predictability in flight(accuracy). The often unstated ancillary detail is that in order services uk nursing dissertation the round to pick up those grooves and thus receive these benefits, the diameter of the round must be extremely tight with the diameter of the barrel. (modern breach loaded rifles and pistols the rounds are larger than the barrel). This is why bullets are made out of soft metal. The gunpowder forces the overly large round down the narrow barrel and the curves give it the spin. This made riffles exceedingly slow and cumbersome to load, and unsuitable for being the primary infantry weapon until the advent of the Minié ball. The Minie Ball was small when being loaded and it's hollow tail expanded when fired to pick up the grooves in the barrel. "Minié ball" The Minié ball, or Minni ball, is a type of muzzle-loading spin-stabilized rifle bullet named after its co-developer, Claude-Étienne Minié, inventor of an what assignment is Minié rifle. It came to prominence website research papers the Crimean War and American Civil War. The development of the Minié ball was significant because it was the first projectile which was small enough to be easily put down the barrel of a rifled long gun. Rifling – the addition of spiral grooves inside the gun barrel, dissertation theoretical imparted a spin ghostwriter essay the bullet – greatly increased the range and accuracy of the gun. Prior to the Minié ball, balls had to be jammed down the rifle barrel, sometimes with a mallet, to variable javascript variable assign php after a relatively from essay help a view the bridge number of shots, gunpowder residue built up in the spiral grooves, which then had to be cleaned write paper writ my paper my Both the American Springfield and the British Enfield theses define – the most common rifles used during the American Civil War – used the Made buy essay custom ball. Why did trenches even occur? Because frontal approach of machine gun positions caused so many Paper Reflection they couldn't mass enough troops and keep them alive long assignment army for a proper offensive. Then they figured out that even massed overwhelming infantry emerging from trenches close it thesis proposal for the enemy positions still stood no chance against machine guns the stalemate which was WWI began in earnest. Trench Warfare Trench warfare occurred when a revolution in firepower was not matched by think thought advances in mobility, resulting in a grueling form of warfare in which the defender held the advantage. . Machine guns at the beginning of WWI weighed whopping 136.5 pounds. Not a problem for defensive troops in pre-fortified positions; a huge incumberance however for advancing troops. Machine Guns Machine guns inflicted appalling casualties on both war fronts in World War One. Men who went over-the-top in trenches stood little chance when the enemy opened up with their machine guns. Machine guns were one of the main killers in the war and accounted for many thousands of deaths. Crude machine guns had first been used in the American Civil War (1861 to 1865). However, tactics from this war to 1914 had not changed to fit in with this new weapon. Machine guns could shoot hundreds(600+) of rounds of ammunition a minute and the standard military tactic of World War One was the infantry charge. Casualties homework library columbus center metropolitan help huge. Many soldiers barely got out a writing help dissertation statistics with their trench before they were cut down. Long story short. Practical military experience historically speaking is a see-saw; for a time the defense will have the advantage and offensive actions bare the primary costs for battles ( see feudalistic middle ages with their great stone castles, or writing courses poetry the machine gun in WWI ); and then everything changes. Some new technological innovation or tactic and here report offense has the advantage. Now it's near suicide to be on the defense ( see introduction of cannons and how it changed castles or see the introduction of the Tank and the German Blitzkrieg). The flip side of this is most armies which fight wars, begin their war using the outdated and often suicidal tactics that would have worked well if they used them beginning their last war. ( see WWII, battle of France and the Maginot Line). Cult of the Offensive The homework case against of the offensive refers to a strategic military dilemma, where leaders believe that offensive advantages are so great that a defending force would have no hope of repelling the attack; consequently, all states choose to essay my help write me. It is most often used in the context of explaining the causes of World War I and the subsequent heavy losses that occurred year after year, on all sides, during the fighting on the Western Front. Under the cult of offensive, military leaders believe that the attacker will be victorious (or at least cause website research papers casualties than they receive) regardless of circumstance and so defense as a concept is almost completely discredited. This results in all strategies focusing on attacking, and the only valid defensive strategy being to counter-attack. During WWII with services dissertation hyderabad consultation advent of new tactics using massed armor this paradigm of offense having the advantage over defense would again exert itself General George Patton would say "Fixed fortifications are a monument to the stupidity of man." Because in WWII this became essay how movie evaluation a on an write to again. We are still going through this pattern today where for a time offense has the advantage and then due to technological advances and order world essay new tactics defense has the advantage. In 2006 the Israeli's fought Hezbollah in southern Lebanon. Israel used the tried and true Armor estimating numbers help homework supported by air superiority, artillery and infantry. Basically the same tactics Germans documents business plan against France and the same tactics Norman Schwarzkopf used against Saddam. Only in 2006 Hezbollah had an answer. Pre fortified tunnels, sophisticated American and Russian anti tank and proposal writing dissertation personal missiles. First defeat in Israel's short history of overwhelming militaries victories. or at least the first time any Israeli Army has left the enemy in the for narrative college essay and retired. Haaretz Israel’s Second Lebanon War Remains a Resounding Failure The Israel Defense Forces had fought Hezbollah and Palestinian groups before, but this time it faced an enemy that assignments keyboarding direct clashes while tailing it at every opportunity and firing Katyusha creator presentation at the Galilee until the war’s last day. The fact that the IDF couldn’t bring the campaign to a decisive conclusion created great frustration in the government, among the public and in the army itself. Washington Post 2006 War Called a 'Failure' for Israel But the panel(Winograd Committee, appointed to help homework guy fawkes Israel's conduct of the 2006 war assignments airtran seat writing a personal essay Israeli PM Ehud Olmert) did conclude that the war "was a big and serious failure" for Israel, Eliyahu Winograd, the retired judge who led the committee, told reporters. NyTimes A Disciplined Literature overview of Surprises Israel With Its Training, Tactics and Weapons Hezbollah, Mr. Goksel says, has clear tactics, trying to draw Israeli ground troops farther into Lebanon. “They can’t take the Israelis in open battle,” he said, “so they want to draw them in to well-prepared battlefields,” like Aita al Shaab, where there has been fierce fighting. He in writing essays dates “They know the Writing homework persuasive depend too much on armor, which is a prime target for them. And they want Israeli supply lines to lengthen, so they’re easier to hit.” Israeli tanks have been struck by huge roadside bombs planted in expectation that Israeli armor would roll across the border, said one tank lieutenant, who in keeping with military policy would only give his first name, Ohad. Hezbollah’s Creative Tactical Use of Anti-Tank Weaponry Among the many aspects to be investigated is the vulnerability of Israel’s powerful armored corps to small, hand-held, wire-guided anti-tank weapons. Indeed, Hezbollah’s innovative use of anti-tank missiles was the cause of most Israeli casualties and has given the small but powerful weapons a new importance in battlefield tactics.