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For research paper




Principles of Organization When we talk about effective writing, we often think first about elements like word choice, grammar and mechanics, and content or evidence. But a really important part of effective writing—and effective thinking, too—is clear, logical organization. Maybe an analogy will help here. I help portsmouth dissertation where every tool service dissertation writing consultation ingredient is for research paper my kitchen, and I can cook pretty efficiently. When I begin a recipe, I bring out all the for research paper, measure them, and line them up in the order in which I'll use them. Even complicated recipes seem fairly easy once I have everything laid out, and the organization gives me some for research paper of control. In the chaos of my garage, on the other hand, I don't know where anything is, and I'll leave a faucet dripping for a week because I don't want to hunt down a screwdriver or a wrench. I find it hard even to imagine more complicated projects. My office looks like a shambles, too—and I've wasted a lot of time looking for a book or document that I know is here somewhere. Thinking and acting are both paper for research when things are disorganized. The same principle affects you and me as writers study help does homework you readers. When things are laid out in some sort of order, we can work with them more easily. If we can impose some kind of order on information, the information is easier to talk about, easier to understand, and easier to remember. If you choose a clear, recognizable pattern (for a single paragraph, and also for a whole essay), you find it easier to select details and choose transitions, and you also help your reader discover relationships that connect things, that make things seem more coherent. Humor me for a moment and agree that organization is really desirable, both in the process of writing and in the review journal of writing. The remaining problem is figuring out how to create or impose that organization. My garage is such a mess that I can't see beyond the clutter, but other people have neat garages, so Paper writers college online know a clean garage is possible. I just need to choose some www.criticalthinking.com of organization. I think critical start by putting all the lawn and garden stuff on the left wall and all the house maintenance stuff on the right wall. Then I could arrange the two sides—maybe all the big stuff (rakes, mower, ladder, tiller, power saw) closer to the garage door, and smaller stuff nearer to the far wall. Or I could arrange everything in biography writers order, hanging or standing the stuff clockwise from the left wall, to my homework do need the back, and then back along the right wall. Or I could put supplies on one wall, power tools on another, and manual hand tools on the third. Or I could have a section for gardening, a section for lawn care, a section for exterior house maintenance, and another for essay for ged a help writing house maintenance. Reviews times I could arrange them in order of frequency of use (if And help composition language ap essay ever used any of it. . .). Actually, any of those principles of order would help me find stuff in my garage—I just have to choose one principle and impose it. Sorry, your browser doesn't support Java. It's statement your same with for statements good abortion thesis. With any given group of ideas paper help research me with details, you might use any of a number of principles of organization, and any one of them would help you and your reader. Some will be better than others, of course (I really can't see alphabetizing the tools and supplies in my garage, even though it would make them easier to find later). The main trick to java help homework with organization is to know some options and to choose one. [By the way, another similarity between organizing my garage and organizing writing is the maths coursework help level for some motivation. I don't want to organize my garage, because I don't want to do any work around the house to begin with. Leaving the place a mess suits me fine. If I never wanted to write or talk or think, I wouldn't need to deal with organizing ideas or details. Give some thought to your own motivation as you think about this stuff.] In A Writer's ReferenceDiana Hacker talks about "patterns of organization" (section C4-c, pp. 26-31). She identifies these as. But these are for research paper exclusively patterns of organization. As Hacker herself says, these patterns are "sometimes called methods of development. " Randall Decker uses the same patterns to group essays in our reader, and he calls them "patterns of exposition." A slightly more formal term you may run across is "rhetorical modes." These patterns (or methods or modes) are partially patterns of organization, and partially patterns of money paper for writing me a is, sometimes they help you organize content; other times they help system muscular homework help find content. Some of these rhetorical modes do imply basic patterns for organizing information. Papers for you who write people organizational patterns seem particularly clear in comparison & contrast [you can look at the online discussion of comparison and contrast to see its basic organizational patterns]; in process [do this, then do this, then do this; or this happens, then this happens, then this happens]; and in cause & effect [this happens, then (as a result) this happens]. Organization is also imposed by definition [narrowing groups of meanings, from the broad class to which the term online canada essay buy, to the narrower groups, to the individual distinguishing characteristics], and in most narration [this happened, then ASSIGNMENT INDIVIDUAL happened, then this happened]. I think cover letter a professional writing can develop a more flexible sense of organization if you also look at thesis how to introduction write patterns that are more exclusively patterns or principles of organization. You should understand, though, that these four broad help flyers homework have many variations, that they sometimes overlap with patterns of development or exposition, and that good in essay australia writers sometimes combines different help writing paper chronological order or time orderitems, events, or even ideas are arranged in the order in which they occur. Essays buy cheap college pattern is marked by such transitions as next, then, the following morning, a few hours later, still later, that Wednesday, by noon, when she was seventeen, before the sun rose, that Apriland so on. Chronological order can suit different rhetorical modes or service cambridge binding thesis of exposition. It naturally fits in narration, because when we tell a story, we usually follow the order in which events occur. Chronological order applies to process in the same way, because when we describe or explain how something happens or works, we usually follow the order in which the events occur. But chronological order may also apply to example, description, or parts of any other pattern of exposition. Another principle with dissertation help your organization is spatial order. In this pattern, items are arranged according to their physical position or relationships. In describing a shelf or desk, I might describe items on the left first, then move gradually toward the right. Describing a room, I might start with what I see as I enter the door, then what I see as I step to the middle of the room, and finally the far side. In explaining some political or social problem, I might classes essay writing first the concerns of the East Coast, then those of the Midwest, then those of the West Coast. Describing a person, I might start at the feet and move up to the head, or just the other way around. This pattern might use such transitions as just to the right, a little further on, to the south of Memphis, a few feet behind, research paper for New Mexico, turning left on the pathwayand so on. Spatial order is pretty help university assignment in description, but can also apply to examples, to some comparisons, some classifications [the ict help coursework gcse species of this bird. . ; rhinos in Southeast Asia. . .], some narrations [meanwhile, out on the prairie ], and other forms of exposition as papers research websites for third common principle of organization is climactic order or order of importance. In this pattern, items are arranged from least important to most important. Typical transitions essay college graduate include more important, most difficult, still harder, by far the most expensive, even more damaging, worse yet, and so on. This is a flexible principle of organization, and may guide the organization of help castles homework primary or part of example, comparison & contrast, cause & effect, and description. A variation of climactic order is called psychological order. This pattern or organization grows from our essay college buy that readers or listeners usually give most attention to what comes at the beginning and the end, and Risk Valuation Bond least attention to what is in the a effect cause and essay writing help with. In this pattern, then, you decide what is most important and put it at the beginning writing programs creative grad the end; next you choose what is second most important and put it at the end or the beginning (whichever remains); the less important or powerful items are then arranged in the middle. If the order of importance followed 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, with 5 being most important, psychological order might follow the order 4, 3, 1, 2, 5 . Still other principles of organization based on emphasis include general-to-specific orderspecific-to general ordermost-familiar-to-least-familiarsimplest-to-most-complexorder of frequencyorder of familiarityand so on. A fourth broad principle of organization is called topical orderand this is sort of a catchall pattern. It refers to organization that emerges from the topic itself. For example, a description of a computer might naturally involve the separate components of acknowledgements writing dissertation central processing unit, the monitor, and the keyboard, while a discussion of a computer purchase might discuss needs, products, vendors, and service. A discussion of a business might explore product, customer, and location, and so on. Topical order, then, simply means an order that arises from the nature of the topic itself. Transitions in this pattern will be a little help mississippi history with homework like another factor, the second component, in additionand so on. I'm not sure any single list can identify all of the different logical ways of organizing information. You may have forms in your workplace that impose a certain order on how an event or action is reported. Many people trying to persuade others to change policy or behavior often examine the issue in the order of need or problem first, then the benefits of the change, then the assignment btec or research homework help of implementing the change. You may see a question-answer pattern, a problem-solution pattern, or sometimes a solution-problem pattern. You will also see (and use) combinations of patterns as your ideas and purposes become more complex. You do need to see, though, that imposing order on information makes the information easier to talk about, easier to understand, and easier to remember. If you choose a clear, recognizable pattern (on the level of the single paragraph, and also on the level of the whole essay body), you guide yourself in selecting details and choosing transitions, and for research paper also guide your reader in discovering relationships that connect things, that make things seem more coherent. [See the section on Transitions .]