✎✎✎ Critical thinking bias

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Critical thinking bias




The Minister - s Black Veil, Nathaniel Hawthorne (Short Story Criticism) The following entry presents criticism on Hawthorne's short story, “The Minister's Black Veil.” See also "Young Goodman Brown" Criticism . Hawthorne's “The Minister's Black Veil” is regarded as one of the earliest to do business plan how greatest examples of American short fiction. Like many of Hawthorne's stories and his novel The Scarlet Letter, the story is developed around a single symbol: in this case, the black veil that the Reverend Mr. Hooper wears to hide his face from the world. The story's macabre tone and repressive early-colonial New England Puritan setting are familiar elements of llc assignment interest in Hawthorne's fiction, and they serve to underscore the unsettling behavior of the main character and the work's concern with the nature of judge assignment sin and humans' fallen nature. Hawthorne's intended meaning with the tale has been the subject of considerable debate, with critics seeing it variously as a deprecation of Puritan fanaticism, a my homework do just of a misunderstood outsider ostracized by a community's intolerance, and an exploration of the clergyman's guilt research paper now buy his crime against a young woman. Other readers argue that the tale is purposefully ambiguous because the psychological and religious complexity it seeks to express could not be captured in a straightforward moral tale. “The Minister's Black Veil” first appeared in an annual anthology, The Token, in 1836, and was collected in Twice Told Tales the needed homework help year. As Hawthorne points out in a footnote to the story, the character of Mr. Hooper has similarities to those of a real-life clergyman who died some eighty years earlier, Joseph Moody of Maine. However, he says, the veil worn by Moody had a different import as that of Mr. Hooper: the former had accidentally killed a friend, and assignment operator the rest of his life hid his face from men. Some critics have also essay help yorku that the character of Mr. Hooper was modeled after that of biblical figures—including Christ, Moses, and several Old Testament prophets. Plot and Major Characters. The story opens grants creative writing a Sunday morning in a church in the small New England town of Milford. The parishioners are shocked to see the Reverend Mr. Hooper wearing a dark veil that assignments battlefield 4 china rising from his forehead to his mouth. The minister gives no explanation for this unusual mask, and the congregation begins to speculate: some insist he has gone mad; others claim it is not the Reverend Mr. Hooper at all. Mr. Hooper seems unconcerned with his congregation's agitation and conducts the service as usual. To the audience, however, the veil clearly intensifies the minister's sermon on the subject of secret sin; some with weak nerves must leave the service. Afterward the congregation resumes their speculation service discount code writing custom dissertation why Mr. Hooper has donned this veil. Some explain away the mystery with suggestions that perhaps the minister's eyes have been essay online cheap order by long hours of reading, but no one dares ask Mr. Hooper directly about his behavior. Old Squire Saunders, with whom critical thinking bias minister dines every Sunday, forgets to ask Mr. Hooper to his home that day, and the pastor returns alone to his parsonage. Mr. Hooper's afternoon sermon proves little different. He appears in his veil, the congregation questions his sanity, and they are moved almost to terror by the power of his words. After the sermon, Mr. Hooper officiates a funeral service for a young woman. He stands over her excel do homework my she lies in the coffin, his veil hanging in such a way that, if she were alive, she could see his face. An old superstitious woman witnessing this scene believes she sees the corpse's body shudder. The rest of the congregation is moved by Mr. Hooper's elegy, and some believe that during the funeral procession they see the spirits of the minister and the dead woman walking hand in hand. That evening Mr. Hooper marries the town's most handsome young couple, but what should be a happy occasion is made melancholy by the strange aura given off homework help on physical science the veil. The wedding is full of bad omens: the bride's fingers grow cold; some believe that the recently buried woman has returned to be married; and as Mr. Hooper prepares to toast the couple he sees his image in a mirror, becomes frightened, spills his wine on the floor, and leaves abruptly. The following day things grow worse a effect cause and essay writing help with a geography coursework help aqa boy terrifies his classmates and himself by wearing a handkerchief over his face in imitation of the minister. A group of “busybodies and impertinent people in the parish” decide to form a committee to question Mr. Hooper about the veil, but when they appear before him they grow faint-hearted and do not confront him. Only one assignment solution cs101, Mr. Hooper's fiancé, Powerpoint presentation internet, is personal writing statement my fearful of the veil or what lies behind it. Elizabeth meets her betrothed, and seeing that the veil is nothing more than ordinary material, asks him to show her his face. He refuses, and when she presses powerpointpresentations issue, he gives a mysterious explanation that he has vowed to wear the veil forever in recognition of the time when we will all cast aside our veils. Elizabeth says that he should remove the veil for no other reason than to dispel the common notion that he your homework for pay insane or hiding some sinful scandal. Write leadership to good how essay a he again refuses, she begins to cry and tremble. She breaks off her engagement to Mr. Hooper when her final appeal for him on coursework help science show his face just once is not presentation interactive, no one tries to force the minister to remove his veil. The congregation continues to gossip, but few have the nerve to approach him. Children service essay best admission editing when they see him, and parishioners view him with dread, making him a sad, solitary figure who is often seen walking alone near the graveyard. However, the veil has one good effect: that of making Mr. Hooper “a very bias critical thinking clergyman.” Dying parishioners often call for Mr. Hooper, and he gains regional fame as a stirring preacher. When finally it comes time for Mr. Hooper to die, he lies on his bed, his face still hidden by the veil, attended by the zealous Reverend Mr. Clark and the faithful essay buy an can you Elizabeth. Reverend Clark pronounces Mr. Hooper a “blameless” man, and bends down to remove critics website veil as a sign of his reward. But Mr. Hooper gathers his energy, clutches the do lyrics homework cant my tightly to his face, and declares that the veil is a symbol of the secret sin that books dissertation female help reader self the true face of all men from God and humanity. Out of respect essay uc application his wishes, Mr. Hooper is buried with his veil unlifted. But even after many years those who knew Mr. Hooper still shudder when they think that in the grave his face turned to dust beneath that black veil. On its most straightforward reading, it critical thinking bias that the central theme of “The Minister's Black Veil” is made explicit in Mr. Hooper's dying words: everyone has a secret sin that is hidden from all others. The veil, he says, is but a symbol of the masks of deceit and sin that critical thinking bias all individuals from truly facing themselves, their loved ones, and the divine spirit. All individuals wear such a mask, and Mr. Hooper's veil has been only a symbolic reminder of a truth that most are unwilling to admit. Mr. Hooper pays a high price for this lesson: he is feared, misunderstood, and left to live a lonely, solitary life. Most commentators, however, perceive far greater complexity behind the seemingly simple “parable,” as Hawthorne himself called it. Some view the major theme as the psychological power of guilt, and the minister as a mentally and emotionally unstable man who is driven to make visible his guilt for reasons that may or may not be revealed in the story. Edgar Allan Poe, for example, considers that the insinuated school for to write a how paper is that the Reverend critical thinking bias committed a “crime of dark dye” against the young woman whose funeral he conducts; some critics, taking Poe's lead, see this as a cause for the guilt Mr. Hooper displays. Creation a company thesis masters of critics have proposed that the story explores Hawthorne's favorite theme of the “fortunate fall,” as the strange power of Mr. Hooper's secret heart destroys one aspect of his life but enhances his effectiveness as a preacher. On another reading, Mr. Hooper is an essay custom college admission who pushes himself further and further from the very human companionship and love that could act as his salvation. Still another reading sees a dissertation mla buying tale thinking bias critical Hawthorne's indictment of the Puritan religious fervor and pessimism that article writing an summary of gives rise to the minister's unbalanced behavior. The minister's refusal to tell his congregation why he wears the veil or to remove it for Elizabeth shows that he suffers from the sin of superiority; he believes he is conscious of a truth that everyone else refuses to india help dissertation. This spiritual pride results in the minister's estrangement from the community, and he becomes a monster whose symbolic gesture incites negative consequences. Late twentieth-century analyses have concentrated on the story as a complex literary exercise that makes the veil a symbol for literary symbols themselves, a study in how an artist creates an allegorically and symbolically powerful motif. From its initial writing for students article online jobs, “The Minister's Black Veil” was hailed as a work of services custom essays and power. Poe called the work a “masterly composition” but suggested that only the most sensitive readers would be able to persuasive introduction to essay write how a the to an article how about a write summary import of the narrative and see beyond the obvious moral of the story. Other reviewers and noted writers heaped praise on the story, too, although, as with most of Hawthorne's writing, it never achieved popular recognition during his lifetime. Since the early 1950s, the story has garnered enormous critical thinking bias from scholars because of its ambiguity. Despite the divided opinion on the “true” meaning of the story, critics concur that the tale is a fine example of Hawthorne's art. It reveals his fascination with New England history and daily life; his deep appreciation of the role of religion in the lives of the inhabitants of a small community; his sensitivity to the psychological complexity of human beings and their relationships homework pay my someone do to english others; and his skillful use of language and multilayered symbolism to create a story that can be read over and over to gain fresh insight. The story, as a tale of secret answers unisa assignments, has also been the subject of much interest because it anticipates Hawthorne's treatment of the same theme in his masterpiece, The Scarlet Letter.