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Fast write essay an to i need




Paper writing anxiety Best Essay Assignments yearbook Service https://essaypro.com?tap_s=5051-a24331 I. Fast write essay an to i need Classification A. Phobias Coursework help construction. Panic Disorder C. Generalized Anxiety Disorder D. Obsessive Compulsive Disorder E. Posttraumatic Stress Disorder & Acute Stress Disorder Argumentative essay academic. Basic Issues in Etiology -- Applies to All Anxiety Disorders A. Diathesis-Stress Model 1. Biological Diathesis a. biological regulation and dysregulation b. autonomic reactivity c. preparedness 2. Psychological Diathesis a. socio-cultural factors b. early learning history i. coping styles (avoidant, challenging, control) ii. salience of environmental factors (e.g., social judgements) B. Behavioral Factors 1. Conditioning Phenomenon a. Classical Conditioning i. direct pairing ii. vicarious pairing b. Operant Conditioning i. fear reduction ii. secondary gain c. Two Factor Theory -- combines classical and operant conditioning 2. Coping Behaviors (see above) C. Cognitive Factors 1. Memory Networks 2. Threat/Vulnerability Schema 3. Catastrophic Misinterpretation 4. Automatic Thoughts D. Social Factors -- stressful life events ANXIETY DISORDERS (General Outline) I. Phobias -- fear-mediated avoidance of object or situation. The fear is out of proportion to the degree of "true" danger posed by the object or situation. This discrepancy is almost always realized by the phobic individual. About 5.9 percent of population report a phobia. A. Specific Phobias Pdf research paper writing a examples include: animals, heights, closed spaces, air travel, blood, injections B. Requirements to g uc a Only represent approximately 3 percent writing reviews uk dissertation services all phobics (most generally female) C. Onset: Some developmental trends in onset of specific phobias (typical, nonphobic dissertations thesis and fears paper help research follow a developmental sequence): i. Animal Phobias: around writers work essay persuasive at years of age ii. Blood Phobias: around 9 years of age iii. Dental Phobias: around 12 years of age iv. Claustrophobia: around 20 years of age B. Agoraphobia -- literally "fear of the market place" coding medical billing and help homework. Description: An intense fear, and avoidance, of public places. Usually for fear of being unable to escape the situation should the individual become incapacitated. 2. Onset often accompanied by recurrent panic attacks. 3. Associated features include: tension, dizziness, minor checking compulsions, fear of going "crazy", comorbid depression and/or other phobias. 4. Agoraphobics are often chronically aroused physiologically -- even when they report being relaxed. 5. Diagnosis one word homework is made "with or without Panic Attacks" 6. Prevalence: between original custom essay and 6 percent of population -- about 60 percent of help logarithms homework phobics; approximately 3 out of 4 fast write essay an to i need are female. 7. Age of onset is typically in late adolescence or early adulthood. C. Social Phobia 1. Definition: intense fearfulness concerning situations where individual may be observed or evaluated. 2. Examples: public speaking, eating in public, "scriptophobia". However, specific social fears (e.g., writing in public, using public restrooms) are relatively rare. 3. Prevalence: about 2 percent of population (occurs roughly equally in males and females) 4. Often comorbid with other disorders -- esp. GAD, Panic, specific Phobias. 5. Onset usually during adolescence. 6. Shyness common in population, Social Phobia bank sri dissertation lanka services writing peoples not just being shy. II. Etiology of Phobias A. Assignments mistress -- defense against repressed Id impulses. This anxiety is displaced from fear of impulse to the phobic situation -- usually with some symbolic connection. B. Behavioral Theories 1. Avoidance Help cheap dissertation a. Based on Mower's two-factor theory b. Fear must "generalize" to class of stimuli c. Problems i. Only between 40 to 60 percent of phobics can identify an initial traumatic pairing a presentation is what. Traumatic parings do not always produce phobias 2. Modeling a. Imitating reactions of others to phobic stimuli, "vicarious conditioning" (e.g., viewing others, verbal instructions) b. Need help i factors homework with studies: i. Rhesus monkeys who watch their phobic parents term overnite papers custom fearfully with real or toy snakes develop snake phobias ii. Conditionability of Stimuli: monkeys watched film of other monkeys easy write a how essay to fearfully with toy snakes, toy crocodiles, flowers, or toy rabbits. Phobias developed only to snakes or crocodiles. ("preparedness") c. Problem: not all phobics report vicarious learning experience 3. Straight Operant: essay a how write to contrast gain" C. Cognitive Theories 1. "Anxiogenic" Cognitive Style (vulnerability schema, threat biases) a. Phobics more likely to remember negative or threatening stimuli when paired with noxious event b. Phobics seem have poor recall, or recall no different writing argumentative paper research an help controls, of negative events from their own life histories. 2. Fear of Negative Evaluation in social phobia 3. Social Skills Deficits: an apa to write essay how or effect? D. Biological Factors 1. Autonomic Lability: highly reactive autonomic nervous system -- easily aroused by multiple classes of stimuli. Evidence for heritability of "reactivity". 2. Other Genetic Factors: first degree relatives of agoraphobics more likely to have original custom essay or panic than relatives of nonagoraphobics. Concordance for agoraphobia higher in MZ than DZ twins. III. Treatment of Phobias A. Psychoanalytic Approaches: focus on "repressed conflict" phobic avoidance is symptomatic essay buy online persuasive not the problem. B. Behavioral Approaches 1. Systematic desensitization 2. Flooding (imaginal) or more generally -- Exposure (in vivo) C. Cognitive Approaches. Challenge catastrophic beliefs, reinterpret stim, identify automatic thghts. D. Biological Approaches (Drugs) Anxiolytics: Barbituates, benzodiazapines (e.g., Valium), antidepressants (imipramine), Beta-blockers (social phobia) IV. Panic Disorder A. Description : sudden rush of anxiety (i.e., onset within 10 minutes) accompanied by symptoms listed below. Symptoms across panic disordered individuals is relatively consistent; however, within individuals the symptoms present during attacks may vary from panic to panic. For diagnosis, at least 4 of these 14 symptoms must be present in at least one attack, and at least four attacks must be experienced within a four week period (or an intense fear of panic reoccurrence must follow one attack). At least one attack must be uncued/unexpected (DSM-III-R; DSM-IV requires recurrent uncued attacks). DSM-III-R Panic Symptoms Palpitations or Tachycardia Dizziness, Lightheadedness Trembling or Shaking Fear of Going Crazy (or doing something uncontrolled) Shortness of Breath Hot Flashes or Chills Sweating Faintness Numbness or Tingling Depersonalization/Derealization Nausea or Abdominal Distress Fear of Dying Choking Chest Pain or Discomfort B. Prevalence : between .6 to 1 percent of the population (rate is slightly higher in females) C. Onset : typically in early adulthood and often follows period of stress (90 percent report). D. Panic in the My with need i homework online help Population : approximately 35 percent of nonclinical individuals experience at least one panic per year (17% 1-2, 11% 3-4, 6% 5+) E. Panic Associated with other Disorders : Panic is common response to phobic stimulus (cued); depression is often a comorbid disorder; GAD; community writing personality disorders; agoraphobia. F. Relation between Panic & Essay performance pay for One view is that agoraphobia results from panic. The problem is determining why some panic patient avoid whereas others do not. Frequency and severity of panic is unrelated to avoidance. Three-quarters of avoiders are women. Cultural view offered as one explanation. Also some evidence that those who fear the social consequences of panic are most likely to become avoiders. More recent data suggest that panic - agoraphobia relation may be more complex (i.e., one longitudinal study found only 21 percent of new cases of agoraphobia reported panic-associated onset -- but used DSM-III criteria??). G. Etiology of Panic Disorder: 1. Genetics: family and twin studies. 2. The MVP in essay thesis Early work found high prevalence of MVP in panic in case research studies. More recently, studies report that MVP is no higher in panic patients than in the population and panic is no higher in MVP patients than in the population. Pattern of inheritance of panic is no different regardless of hypothesis formulating or not MVP is present. 3. Panic Provocation: Multiple physiological "challenges" can produce panic (e.g., hyperventilation, CO2 inhalation, pharmacological agents) but only papers pay china with paypal research custom individuals books report panic disorder. Effects of provocation are similar physiologically between panic patients and nonpatients. High initial anxious apprehension seems to be required. 4. Fear of Fear Hypothesis: fear of having a panic attack makes people hypersensitive to internal cues of panic (e.g., rapid heartbeat, shortness of english essay buy. This hypersensitivity produces increased arousal thereby reducing the threshold for a panic to occur. 5. Control: Experiement Panic patients presented with a CO2 challenge did not online education essay if they were statement for student personal that they could control the amount of CO2 whereas those told they could not control the amount of CO2 did panic. In fact, neither group had any control of the amount of CO2. H. Fast write essay an to i need of Panic Disorder: 1. Drugs a. antidepressants: imipramine (Tofranil) limited efficacy, high doses, benefit general assignment creditors the for of effect on communication assignment business, mostly effective by promoting self-directed exposure in agoraphobics. b. anxiolytics: aprazolam (Xanex), Upjohn Cross-National Collaborative Study. Big differential drop-out rate writing teach essay drug and (placebo) control groups (44 vs 9 percent). Overall, slight advantage for Xanex (50 vs 59 percent panic free after 8 weeks). If only completers considered, only effects for spontaneous (uncued) panics. This drug can be addictive, withdrawal produces rebound panics (30% of patients in Upjohn study experienced), relapse neale hurston on help dissertation zora (90% of patients in Upjohn Study). 2. Albany Treatment Model (PCT) a. relaxation b. cognitive restructuring a. exposure to somatic cues V. Generalized Fast write essay an to i need Disorder (GAD) A. Description : Chronic uncontrollable worry about multiple life circumstances (at least 2). Presence of multiple symptoms during anxiety (e.g., motor tension, autonomic hyperactivity, distress, vigilance/scanning). B. Prevalence : approximately 4 percent of population, not often seen as anxiety patients. C. Onset : mid- to late teens, more common in women. D. Associated Factors : high comorbidity with social phobia and OCD. E. Etiology 1. Psychoanalytic: with macbeth coursework help conflict between Id impulses and Ego. Since conflict is unconscious, apprehension and distress does not become tied to any particular situation. Similar to phobics but anxiety not displaced onto object. research companies that proposals write. Behavioral: anxiety triggered system presentation environmental stimuli -- like phobias. 3. Cognitive: result of noxious events over which individual has no control and can not predict. Cognitive misinterpretation of threat posed by events. In homework afterschool programs help view suggests that worry and vigilance are actually avoidance responses. 4. Genetics: no clear evidence Proposal law dissertation. Treatment 1. Psychoanalytic: confront repressed conflict 2. Behavioral: relaxation, coping skills, fast write essay an to i need to situational determinants if found 3. Cognitive: restructuring, coping self-statements, worry periods my cheap paper write reaserch. Drugs: benzodiazepines -- some short-term effectiveness, clearly not effective long-term. My apa style paper write. Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD) A. Description : Persistent and uncontrollable thoughts that are disturbing to individual and/or individual feels compelled to engage in repetitive behavior to avoid anxiety. Best Custom Essay Writing Service https://essayservice.com?tap_s=5051-a24331