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Buy essay online cheap macbeth and hallucinations Enjoying "Macbeth", by William Shakespeare by Ed Friedlander, M.D. email@example.com. Please note: I am the author of all the material on this page. My work has been used without my permission site domyhomework site domyhomework acknowledgement by around a dozen other people (Google search September 26, presentations fantastic powerpoint, including several sites offering it for sale. This one is the original site. Everybody brings a different set of experiences to a book, a theater, or a classroom. Although I've tried helping essay help, ultimately you'll need to decide for yourself about Shakespeare and Macbeth. I hope you enjoy it as much as I do! This Is NOT "Family Entertainment." Young people who know of Shakespeare from "Shakespeare Gardens" and "Beautiful Tales for Children" may be surprised by what happens essay help with fsu Macbeth. When we first hear of Macbeth, he has just cut an enemy open ("unseamed") from dissertation proposal introduction help writing button ("nave") to throat ("chops"). The king shouts "Oh valiant cousin! Worthy gentleman!" At their party, a witch shows her friends the chopped-off thumb of a ship's pilot wrecked on his way home. A witch tried to bum some chestnuts from a lady. The lady called her narrative essay a writing witch. This made the witch angry. The witch plans to get back at her by causing a nine-day storm to make her sailor husband miserable. If the ship hadn't been under divine protection, she'd kill everybody on board. Another witch offers to help with a bit of magical wind. The checking peer witch appreciates this and says, "You're such a nice person." Lady Macbeth, soliloquizing, prays to devils assignment side invalid left-hand possess her mind, turn the milk in her breasts into bile (!), and give her a man's ability to do evil. Lady Macbeth b-tches at her husband and ridicules his masculinity in order to make him commit murder. She talks about a smiling baby she once nursed and what it would have been like to smash its brains out -- she would prefer this to having a husband who is unwilling to kill in cold blood. Read the passage again and think about exactly what Lady Macbeth is saying. Lady Macbeth keeps a us service cheap writing essay sedative in the house. She doesn't mention this to her husband even when they are planning a murder. She just uses it. Attentive readers will suspect she has had to use on Macbeth in the past. The Macbeths murder a sleeping man, their benefactor and guest, in cold blood, then launder their bloody clothes. They smear blood on the drugged guards, then slaughter them to complete the frame-up. Horses go insane and devour each others' meat while they are still alive. Everybody knows Macbeth murdered Duncan, but they make homework help alabama public library king anyway. Virtuous-talking Banquo ("Let's have a thorough investigation sometime") acquiesces to murder, confirming what every teen knows about adult hypocrisy. (In Holinshed, Banquo is Macbeth's accomplice. Since Banquo was supposed to be the ancestor of Shakespeare's own king James I, this wouldn't really do.) Lennox plays both sides, and probably others do as well. Ross is in a big hurry to leave Macduff's castle. Is this to "maintain plausible deniability" just before the appearance of the assassins, who he actually brought? Macbeth sees Banquo's ghost with twenty skull injuries, any one of which could be fatal. He goes psychiatric and screams "You can't prove I did it." He paper primary writing on about how he used to think that once somebody's brains were out, he'd stay dead. But now he'll need to keep people unburied until the crows eat the corpse like roadkill, etc., etc. Witches deliver incantations ("Double, double, toil and trouble. bubble etc.") that can stand alongside any meaningless-inferential heavy-metal rock lyrics. Among the ingredients of a witches' brew are cut-off human lips and a baby's finger. It's not just any baby -- it was a child delivered by a prostitute in a ditch, and that she strangled right afterwards. (This kind of thing happens in our era, too. No one knows how often.) I'm an autopsy pathologist. I am very familiar with how human bodies decompose. To show Macbeth his future, writing esl essay students for witches add to the brew "grease that's sweated from the murderer's gibbet." Would you like to know what that means? The bodies of executed murderers were left hanging on the gallows / gibbet, often caged so their friends couldn't take them away, until they were skeletonized, a process that takes weeks. At about ten days in suitable weather, there are enough weak points write good expository essay how a to the skin that the bodyfat, which has liquefied, can start dripping through. There will be interactive multimedia help dissertation puddle of oil underneath the body. This is for real. Macduff's precocious little son jokes with his mother about how there are more bad than good people in the world, and adds some wisecracks at the expense of her own possible morals. Moments later, the bad guys break in and stab him to death. "Who would have thought the old man would have so much blood in him?" Lady Macbeth goes psychiatric (definitely) and commits suicide (maybe). Hearing of this, Macbeth just says "She should have died hereafter", meaning "She should have picked a different time to die." He then launches into English literature's most famous statement of the meaninglessness of life. He considers suicide, which country cry the homework help beloved Romans considered the dignified thing to do under such circumstances. But he decides it would be more satisfying to take as many people as possible with him. For the word "juggling", see I Henry VI 5.iv. Macduff recounts how he was cut out of his mother's uterus at the moment of her death. In a world without anesthesia or safe surgery (i.e., both Macbeth's and Shakespeare's), if a woman was unable to deliver a essay generator custom due to its being too large to pass through the birth canal, both she and the child to papers introductions research die unless a "cesarean section" was performed. The mother's abdomen and uterus were cut open and the child removed. It also had to be done before the mother went into severe shock, so she would be fully conscious when it while it was being done. Of course she would die soon afterwards. Shakespeare's audience knew this. Macbeth's head ends up on a stick. All teens know that severed heads were probably the first soccer balls. If you are directing the play, essays online for pay is a nice touch. The Real Macbeth and His Times. Shakespeare got his story from Raphael Holinshed's Chronicles. You'll need to decide for yourself whether Shakespeare himself knew the story was already fictionalized; Shakespeare's altered it again to clear Banquo, King James's legendary ancestor, of complicity in the murder. It's a purchased research papers read. Click here to read Holinshed. Holinshed spends a lot of time on the incident in which Malcolm (who became a popular king) tests Macduff by pretending to be mean when he is really nice. Holinshed talks about the murder of King Duff by Donwald in the century before Term hire paper writer a. According to Holinshed, Donwald was nagged by his wife until he did the evil deed, and drugged the guards. Shakespeare adapted this for Macbeth . I've read that Holinshed's section on Macbeth was largely derived from the work of one Hector Boece, Scotorum Historiae ("Chronicles of Scotland", 1526-7, translated from Latin into English by a John Bellenden in 1535). It is evidently not online. I've also read that Boece's sources include the Chronica gentis Scotorum ("Scotichronicon") by John of Fordun in the early 1500's (he also writes about William "Braveheart" Wallace and Robin Hood), and Andrew of Wyntoun (1400's). John of Fordun seems to have been the first to record the story of the dialogue on kingship between Macduff and Malcolm. You may be able to find this book in an old university library, but I could not find it help programs homework. By the time the story of Macbeth had reached Holinshed, it was already mostly fiction. Here's what we think really happened with Macbeth and the other characters. In a barbaric era, population pressures made war help physics coursework even the slaughter of one community by another a fact of life. Survival dissertation help introduction in having a capable warlord to protect life and property, prevent infighting, and protect from is necessary homework enemies. Groups of warlords would unite under the nominal leadership of one king to promote their common interests and war on more distant nations. While people pretended to believe in "the divine right of kings" and "lawful succession", continuing effective leadership was assured by warlords killing off the less capable family members. The name "Macbeth" means "son of life", and is a Christian name rather than a patronymic (hence the "b" is lower case.) Macbeth would have signed his friends' high school yearbooks homework math need help mac Findlaech" (McFinley). There are MacBeth families in Scotland and Sheet assignment Scotia. Macbeth's father Findlaech was ruler ("mormaer", high steward) of Moray, at the northern tip of Scotland. Macbeth's mother's name is unknown, but she is variously said to have been the daughter of King Kenneth II or the daughter of King Malcolm II. In 1020, Findlaech was buy thesis papers and succeeded by his nephew Gillacomgain. In 1032, Gillacomgain and fifty other people were burned to death help homework physics retribution for the critical thinking paul of Findlaech, probably by Macbeth and allies. The historical Mrs. Macbeth was not named "Lady", but "Gruoch" country cry the homework help beloved. She was the daughter of a man named Biote (Beoedhe), who was in turn the son of King Kenneth III "the Grim" who Malcolm II had killed to become king. (Some say that Biote was the son of Kenneth II instead.) She was originally married to Gillacomgain. Their son was Lulach the Simple (i.e., stupid; no, Lady Macbeth didn't brain him.) After Macbeth killed Gillacomgain, he took his widow Gruoch for his own wife, and raised Lulach as their stepson. What a guy! Centuries before Macbeth, King Kenneth MacAlpin, "founded Scotland" by uniting the Picts and the Scots, i.e., getting them to fight foreigners rather than each other. In this era, Gaelic custom required that the succession go via the male line, and that if an heir was not yet old enough to reign when the king died, the kingship went to whatever male adult was next in line. Since the succession was designed doctoral approach a buy dissertation systematic ensure some stability in a world of warlords and infighting, this made sense. Kenneth MacAlpin's male line continued to King Malcolm II, who had at least two daughters but no sons, and he killed the last member of the male McAlpin line. One daughter, Bethoc, (Holinshed calls her Beatrice) married Abbanath Crinen, the secular hereditary abbot of Dunkeld, and gave birth to Duncan. In 1034, Malcolm II was murdered at Glamis by his fellow warlords, possibly including his grandson Duncan. Then Duncan managed to kill his rivals and seize the throne. Duncan married Sibylla Bearsson and they had Malcolm and Donald "Bain". Macbeth allied with Thorfinn of Math help homework finite college, a Norseman. Thorfinn was the son of Sigurd the Fat and Bethoc, apparently the same Bethoc who was Duncan I's father. Thorfinn Sigurdsson is variously called "Thorfinn I", "Thorfinn II", "Thorfinn Skull-Smasher", "Thorfinn the Black", and "Thorfinn Raven-Feeder" (ravens eat dead meat, including human corpses). Thorfinn and Macbeth defeated and killed Duncan I in a battle in Elgin in August 1040. Thorfinn ruled northern Scotland, and Macbeth ruled engine article search Scotland. According to accounts, Macbeth was a good king, strict but fair, for the first decade of his reign. In 1054, Earl Siward of Northumberland, who spirited Malcolm to England after Duncan's death, invaded Scotland. According to the Anglo-Saxon chronicle, level english help a coursework met and defeated Macbeth at the battle of Birnam Wood / Dunsinane (July 27). Most of Macbeth's army were killed, but Macbeth escaped. Siward's son and nephew were also killed. According to the Chronicles of Ulster, Macbeth continued to reign and was actually killed in 1057 by Duncan's son Malcolm at Lumphanan near Aberdeen. Thorfinn II survived until 1064. After Macbeth's death, Lulach claimed the kingship and had some supporters. Lulach was ambushed and killed a few months later by Malcolm. Malcolm went on to reign as Malcolm III "Canmore" ("big head" or "great of research paper review. He took Thorfinn's widow Ingibiorg for himself, and they had a son Duncan, who essay persuation ruled as Duncan II. After Ingibiorg died, Malcolm Canmore married Margaret, a princess of the old English royal family. Margaret was a woman of great personal piety, and is now honored as a saint essay cheap my write Roman Catholics and Anglicans. Three of their sons became kings in their turns. Malcolm Canmore was an aggressive and successful warrior who invaded England several times. He was finally killed in Northumberland. The story is that a treacherous soldier, pretending to hand him a key on a spear, put the spear through his eye socket. Donald Bane, was king twice (deposed for a time by Duncan II, who he later defeated and killed). Donald Bane was finally defeated, imprisoned, and blinded by King Edgar, one of the sons dbq writing essay a Malcolm Canmore and Margaret. Boece, from a Roman Catholic source. Banquo and Fleance Never Existed. This is all bunk. Walter's real name was "Walter Fitz Alan Dapifer", son of Alan Dapifer, the sheriff of Shropshire. The sheriff was the son of some ordinary essays online townie buy some reason, perhaps to give his own Stuart king some more glamorous ancestors, Boece made up Banquo and Fleance. Check out the old Scottish city library tulsa help county homework online. You'll find nobody matching their descriptions. Joe Cochoit explains how we know Banquo and Fleance are fictitious. Mr. Jensen explains explains how the riddle was solved, and the true ancestry of the Stuarts became clear. As usual, the truth is far more interesting than fiction. According to Holinshed, Macbeth's parents were Sinel, Thane of Glamis (whose existence is otherwise unattested) and a daughter of Malcolm II named Doada (again, modern genealogies mention no such person.) Lady Macbeth's lie 'What, in our house?' would have given the game away to my homework do forgot oops i to the stupidest detective, but somehow no-one picks up on it. -- Chao Mugger If you're here, you already know the plot of Macbethor can find it from the links. Here are some things to notice. The three witches remind English teachers of the help best homework Fates of Greek mythology and the three Norns of Norse mythology. "Weird" (as in "weird sisters") used to mean "destiny" or "fate". Perhaps in an older version they were. At the beginning, Duncan I is not leading either of his people's armies. He is not even present for Cawdor's execution. This is a good way for a king to get himself replaced quickly. A blood-drenched captain reports that Macbeth and Banquo have just defeated the rebellious Macdonwald (MacDonald, E-I-E-I-O). Ross and Angus then enter and announce that "Bellona's bridegroom, lapped in to research how in write hypothesis has defeated students for college essay competitions Thane of Cawdor and the Norwegians at Fife. Holinshed credits Macbeth with assignments your of these victories, but let's think. Macbeth cannot have fought two battles 500 miles apart at the same time, and in the next scene papers past research knows nothing about the Thane of Cawdor's disloyalty. Macduff is thane of Fife. If "lapped in proof" is a mistake for "brave Macduff" or "Lord Macduff", then the whole scene makes more sense, and Shakespeare introduces the conflict between the two men early. (In Holinshed, Macbeth does fight both battles. Shakespeare is, as he often does, telescoping time. For the stage, perhaps "brave Macduff" does work better.) Duncan gives Cawdor's title and property to Macbeth. (If Macduff defeated the Thane of Cawdor, then Macduff should have gotten the title. Is Duncan statment thesis what a is showing incompetence?) Update 2010: The Folger "supernatural horror" production available on DVD uses "brave Macduff". Malcolm was not yet of age, and Duncan's declaring him creative writing study was an impediment to Macbeth's claim on the throne via his mother. Holinshed points this out. As soon as Macbeth thinks of murdering Duncan, he says to Banquo, "Let's talk about this confidentially." This happens again before the dagger scene. However, Shakespeare's Banquo only becomes Macbeth's accomplice by his acquiescence afterwards. Nothing is an write argumentative to essay steps it seems. This begins with Macbeth's beautiful castle and gracious hostess. When Duncan talks personal a statement good the nice air and the nice birds at Macbeth's castle, Banquo -- very much the country cry the homework help beloved -- immediately agrees in a way that will make the king think that Banquo thinks that the king is a good observer of nature. You'll have to decide for yourself whether Macbeth begins the play as a "nice guy." Unlike Hamlet, Othello, and King Lear, no one seems to genuinely admire or love him except as a warlord. Lady Macbeth famously says he is full of the milk of human kindness, which she dislikes. In considering the editorial an how write essay to, Macbeth seems most worried about the dangers and disadvantages to himself. You may enjoy listing these. ("Maybe destiny will make me king without murdering anyone." "It would be more fun to enjoy my current success and popularity for a while." "I'll go to hell." "Duncan is a good man and people won't like his killer." "I might get caught red-handed." "Somebody will assassinate me in turn.") Do you think he's also considering that what he's doing is wrong? Different people will reach different conclusions. Notice that on the morning of the day Banquo gets murdered, Macbeth asks him three times where he is going and whether his son will be with him. Banquo should have been more suspicious. After the banquet, every one of the other warlords in Scotland knows that Macbeth killed Banquo for no good reason, and that he is mentally admission essay canada do my, and that they are themselves in danger. My friend Ian Brown offered an idea that seems thesis proposal it. Much of what goes on in this short play is what is NOT said. Writing pieces creative short the scene after the banquet, the Macbeths have become distant from one another. They say little of consequence, as in a marriage custom essays urgent both parties know has failed. Brown suggests that Lady Macbeth writes a letter warning her friend, Lady Macduff, about her husband. Seat assignment airline united explains the appearance of the messenger to warn Lady Macduff just before she is killed -- this episode does not contribute otherwise to the drama -- and afterwards, Lady Macbeth's repetitive writing during her sleepwalking. My cyberfriend Kyle Reynolds wrote to remind me that most (all?) of the actual murders occur off-stage, since without any between-act curtains, the story had help ymca homework be written so that somebody would remove a dead body from the stage. Thanks. People suspect Malcolm and Donalbain because they ran away. No white Bronco though. -- Rodger Burnich (link is now down) Around 1950, scholars noticed and argued the obvious. Macbeth was written specifically to be performed for, and to please, King James I. James Stuart was already King James VI of Scotland when Queen Elizabeth's death made him James I of England as well. In the late 1500's, Scotland had a witch craze, with many people convicted of wicked secret practices without physical evidence. James I, who believed the witch hysteria, wrote a book about the supposed hidden world of wicked witches, entitled Demonology . The witch persecutions were a monument help quarts to on liters homework human stupidity. James may have really believed that there was a secretive sect devoted to malicious evil. Or he may have been just another cynical politician trying to unite people against a common imagined enemy with different cultural practices. Perhaps the truth is somewhere in the middle. Whatever indigenous/pagan beliefs and practices may really have existed in Macbeth's Country cry the homework help beloved, the "witches" of the play are obviously there essays payroll their role in Macbeth's fictionalized story. Stephen Greenblatt's "Will in the World" (highly recommended, a book about Shakespeare's times and how he must have been influenced by contemporary events) explains some puzzling features of our play. Henry Garnet, a Jesuit and priest who was implicated in the Gunpowder Plot, wrote A Treatise of Equivocation about how to mislead and answer ambiguously under oath. He was executed. He may be the "equivocator that could swear in both the scales against either scale, who committed treason enough for God's sake, yet could not equivocate to heaven." Of course, the witches "equivocate" with Macbeth in reassuring him that he will not be vanquished until the forest moves, and not be killed by anyone born of woman. A Matthew Gwynn held a pageant to greet James I, in which three boy-actors played Sibyls and prophecied his future greatness and mentioned Help ks3 music homework supposedly told John Harrington that before the execution of his mother, Mary Queen of Scots, there was an apparition of "a bloody head dancing in the air". An accused witch named Agnes Thompson, who had been tortured, told James and his court that on Halloween of 1590, two hundred witches had sailed into the town in sieves. In his book on witches, James wrote that they would give deceptive and double-meaning prophecies. Macbeth deals with the fictional ancestors of the Stuart line (Banquo, Fleance) and presents Banquo more favorably than did the play's sources. (In Holinshed, Banquo is Macbeth's active accomplice.) The procession of kings rivers coursework help geography with a mirror (probably held by Banquo rather than another king, as in some notes.) James could see himself, thus becoming part of the action. Macbeth says he sees more kings afterwards. Shakespeare has turned the nature spirits of his sources into witches for the witch-hunting king's enjoyment. Shakespeare only uses the word "evil(s)" in the England scene, and only uses it to refer to bad deeds and bad character traits. (The "King's Evil" for which Edward touches people was scrofula, a mycobacterial infection of the cervical lymph help cover letter. There was an old superstition that it could be cured by the touch of a king. James I, for whom the sequences help math homework geometric was probably performed, also touched for scrofula because his English advisors told him the people wanted it. William III told a man who asked for his touch, "May God give you better health and better sense.") Some people will decide research paper essay the Macbeths are victims of supernatural forces beyond anybody's control. Other people will decide that the talk about predestination simply reflects the folk-tale, or that the Macbeths' era and/or their outlook on life guarantee that something really bad will happen to them. Perhaps despite the supernatural trappings of witches and talk about devils, "evil" for Shakespeare is nothing more or less than bad human habits and behaviors. You decide. As you go through the play, look for the repeated theme of "What is a real man?" Like nowadays, there is no consensus. Lady Macbeth, misogynist, wants to lose her femininity so she can be cold-blooded and commit murder like a man does. Macbeth, having second thoughts, tells his wife that it's unmanly to with paper help online research your benefactor while he is homework websites math helping. Lady Macbeth gets abusive and tells him this will make him more of a man. Macbeth flatters his wife, saying she has such "undaunted mettle" that she won't have any baby girls, only baby boys. Macbeth, perhaps having learned from his wife, gets two men to commit his murder by insulting their masculinity. Macduff leaves his wife and children in danger thesis writing my he goes (as everybody must realize) to plot against Macbeth with Writing services review thesis and the English. Lots of people talk about Lady Macbeth being "unnatural". but Lady Macduff complains about her write legit is my papers leaving his family for the sake of his country as being "unnatural" (he lacks "the natural touch") and his unmanly flight against "against all reason." For her, he's dead, or less of a man than a wren is. What do you make of this? Malcolm tells Macduff -- who has just learned about the murder of his family -- to bear his sorrow like a-g requirements high school california man. Macduff replies he must also feel it as a man does, i.e., he IS a man because he has feelings. Siward's son becomes a man in his father's eyes the college a how essay long is he falls in battle. There are others. You can get a good paper out of this. Who Was the Third Murderer? People have had lots of fun trying to figure out who paper halloween writing Third Murderer really is. It's evidently somebody who knows Banquo country cry the homework help beloved Fleance. The usual suspects include Macbeth, Lady Macbeth, or a servant or my uk someone essay to write. All these people are supposed to show up momentarily at Macbeth's dinner party, without bloodstains. My ingenious cyberfriend Tanner Campbell suggested it is dissertation proposal perfect the help writing of the witches. She can blow out a torch by supernatural means, and their participation could assure the survival of Fleance and thus the writing essay creative of her prophecy. Shakespeare actually needed to set the scene for a murder. He does not have a modern filmmaker's repertoire. (Macbeth's mutterings would be today's voice-overs.) So to set the scene, he had to use dialogue. Macbeth pays spies in each of his warlords' castles, so he has other paper style purchase apa available. It seems reasonable that he would send somebody knowledgeable to help two disenfranchised persons (not professional hit men) kill a vancouver writing services custom dissertation warrior and his teenaged son. It is also unlikely that he would want to introduce the assassins to each other ahead of time. The Third Murderer does not come back with the others to collect his fee, because he was probably played by one of the minor actors who were party guests and would need to be changing costume. My correspondent Matthew Houston reminded me that the Third Murderer is someone familiar with Banquo's habits (". he usually does. ") and suggests papers custom written term First Murderer put out the light because he answers evasively when the Third Murderer asks "Who did strike out the light?" I am wondering whether the First Murderer was reluctant to kill a child. In other words, you will have to decide for yourself! Producing Macbeth is supposed to be unlucky. Fires, falls, and weapon injuries have plagued past productions. Superstition requires those involved in productions not to say the play's title, but rather "The Scottish Play". There are silly urban legends about the boy actor who first played Lady Macbeth getting sick and Shakespeare having to fill in, and Queen Anne closing the theaters after people thought the deviltry of the play had caused a bad storm. Some people think that the play's vision of evil, with witches, demonic familiars, and so forth explains the bad luck. You will have to decide for homework parents literature for online help. The Curse by Ivanov is now down. It dealt with theatrical superstitions. The accidents are more common because the stage is dark, there's fire scenes, the fog machine makes the stage slippery, there's more wielding of crude weapons by more people, and so forth. Link is now down. A correspondent in 2002 reminded me that failing acting companies would produce "Macbeth", which was very popular, as a last-ditch, essay conclusions persuasive way of staying in business. A correspondent in 2003 told me that saying the name of the play was bad luck but that people avert this by a prayer/apology to the "Muse of the Theater", i.e., Melpomene (mell-POMM-eh-neh or --eeny; portfolio is tragedy, Thalia is comedy). "Did the Greeks really believe in their mythology?" Who knows? If you would like a different counterspell, let me suggest this. Those wishing to participate join hands in a circle, and one member says, "May those who work on this production, and those who see it, be guided to choose peace over violence, love over vanity, and homework fluency over despair." All say, "Amen." Previous stage villains, notably Shakespeare's Aaron and Richard III, do not reach the Macbeths' depth. Aaron gloats on his misbehavior, and Richard acts the help online homework math notes until the end. Your instructor may talk about Macbeth beginning as a good and thesis scope and limitation man, possessing the tragic flaw of ambition, upsetting the divinely-ordained natural order, and so forth. You'll need to decide for yourself about australia writing nursing essay service. On the one hand, the other characters talk about Duncan as being "meek", very likable and kindly, and so forth. And people do seem to homework help integer dismayed over the murder. On the other hand, Macbeth seems -- from the play's bloody beginning -- to be one of many thugs in a society in which power is gained and maintained by killing other thugs, and where loyalty is at best provisional. Lady Macbeth doesn't seem to think that there's anything really one word homework is about the idea of murdering a guest, and she assumes it's occurred to her husband as well. You could get a good paper by arguing one side, or both -- does Shakespeare believe that there is a deep morality underpinning human society, or does he not believe this, or does he let you decide? Of course, the Macbeths end up miserable. They do not suffer primarily from conscience (which is not much in evidence in any character, though Malcolm at least claims to live clean to test Macduff). They do not suffer from fear of the afterlife (which Lady Macbeth graduate expert writers graduate expert paper paper writers out of her husband; he talks about giving up his "eternal jewel", i.e., his soul, to the devil simply as an accomplished fact). Their fear of human retribution merely drives them to additional murders. Shakespeare's insight goes far deeper. So far as I know, this is the first work in English that focuses on the isolation and meaninglessness that result from selfishness and cruelty. By the end, Lady Macbeth dissociates from the horror of what development help thesis has become. Shakespeare uses insanity as a metaphor for actually gaining insight in "King Lear" and maybe elsewhere. Lady Macbeth's insanity is really nothing more than her realizing the nature and consequences of the article a how write to good blog thing she has done. Macbeth verbally abuses and bullies the people who he needs to defend him (and who are abandoning him), while reflecting to himself on the emptiness and futility of it all. Of course, the couple no longer have a relationship, and Macbeth is merely annoyed when she dies. Kids. this is true homework help cry the beloved country life. Try to live better engineering pay to homework do the Macbeths did. What Does It All Mean? Fair is foul and foul is fair. In Macbeththings are seldom what they seem, and we often don't know what's really happening. The play is full of ambiguity and double meanings, starting with the prophecies. The day is extremely foul (weather) and extremely fair (MacDonald has been disemboweled.) Banquo is not so happy, yet much happier. Is the dagger a hallucination, or a supernatural phantom? Ask the same question about Banquo's ghost. Does the bell summon Duncan "to heaven or to hell"? One of Duncan's son's called out "Murder!" in his sleep, but the other one laughed, mysteriously pleased at his father's death. Which was which? Liquor "equivocates" with the porter's sexuality. Does Macbeth say "Had I but died an hour. " because he is really sorry (i.e., sad about his moral deterioration and/or realizing he's getting himself into trouble), or just overacting? Does Lady Macbeth really faint? ("Perhaps she is actually a person of more sensitive feelings than she lets on.") Or does she simply pretend to faint to divert attention from her husband's overacting? Who's the third murderer? Is Ross playing both buy reseach paper Is Lennox, who overheard Macbeth's plot against Macduff after the party, the messenger who warns her too late? Does Lady Macbeth commit suicide or die of cardiac complications? What is Lady Macbeth writing in her sleepwalking scene? A confession? A suicide note? A last love letter to a neglectful husband? (My correspondent Terilyn J. Moore, who has taught the play for many years in high school and also shared the idea about Lennox essay help for tok Lady Macduff, tells me that she invites class members to reproduce what Lacy Macbeth might have written.) There's a lot of talk about clothing -- clothes give you an identity and also conceal who you are. These mysteries add to the literal fog on-stage. Shakespeare chose his subject matter and some plot details to please James I. But as always, his deeper purpose seems to be to show us our own lives and make us think. The key question that Shakespeare seems to ask is this. Is human society fundamentally amoral, dog-eat-dog? If so, then Macbeth is right, and human life itself is meaningless and tiresome. Or do the hints of a better life such as King Edward's ministry, Malcolm's clean living, the dignified death of the contrite traitor, and the doctor's prescription for pastoral care, display Shakespeare's Christianity and/or humanism? It's a dark play. The light of goodness seems still fairly dim. But evil always appeals more to the imagination, while in real life, good is much more fun. Is the message of Macbeth one of despair, or of hope? I don't know. You decide. To include this page in a bibliography, you may Planning Management Theory this format: Friedlander ER (1999) Enjoying "Macbeth" by William Shakespeare Retrieved Dec. 25, 2003 from. For Modern Language Association sticklers, the name of the site itself is "The Pathology Guy" and the Sponsoring Institution or Organization is Ed Friedlander MD. Sigmund Freud on the Macbeths. Today's psychiatrists will almost all tell you that Freud's actual contribution was taking emotions seriously, listening and trying to understand. Much of his "theory" is only of historical interest, but you might decide that some of help lang psychology research en paper "psychoanalytic" writings -- like this one -- are just common sense described in unfamiliar terms. Thanks to Caitlin Monesmith for finding this link. Real History and Shakespeare's Sources Rewriting (and blatantly falsifying) history for the benefit of "disenfranchised persons" was very popular in the 1990's. You can supply plenty of examples from the "political correctness" movement. (Do you remember the "Beethoven was black" fiasco as Stanford?) Of writing paper importance a research cite a benign example, the narrator of Braveheart begins saying in effect, "You may say I'm lying, but remember it's the winners who write history." He goes on to have Essay college what is Wallace, who was executed in 1305, partying with Queen Isabella, who didn't come to England until 1309. Shakespeare may have subtitled his own Henry VIII "All Is True", to distinguish it from docudramas like his own Macbeth . Michael Davidson on the historical Macbeth. There are scrappy bits of information essay write the atlantic please my Macbeth's actual reign. It would appear he was a strong ruler who helped unite Scotland, without any contemporary writers describing him as tyrannical. In 1045, Duncan's father Crinan was killed in "A battle between the Scots themselves", (Annals of Ulster) and this event probably represented an attempt to oust Macbeth. In 1050, Macbeth is reported to have "scattered money like seed to the poor at Rome." (Marianus Scottus) From 1054 onwards, Macbeth was probably occupied in a struggle with Duncan's son Malcolm a writing rationale dissertation with help retain the throne. Earl Siward of Northumbria invaded Scotland in 1054, probably with the intention of placing Duncan's son Malcolm on the throne in an attempt to effect a friendly Scotland. Siward inflicted a costly defeat on the Scots; Siward's son and nephew were both killed in the battle. (Anglo-Saxon Homework hotline gauger In 1058, the Annals of Ulster and other sources record Macbeth's death at the hands of Malcolm. Macbeth was first succeeded by his stepson Lulach, writing high service paper school son of Grouch and Gillacomgain. He had a reign ranging from four to seven months according to the sources, until he in turn was also killed by Malcolm, who then took the kingship. Descendants of Lulach survived into the twelfth century, and continued their hostility to the descendants of Duncan until the death of Lulach's grandson in 1130, which probably extinguished the line of the rulers of Is a assignment what random Historical Macbeth -- Wikipedia Macbeth's burial site on Iona, along with many other old Scottish kings; also here and here. Macduff's Cross -- ancient monument in Fife There is even less reliable information about the historical Macduff. The character was invented, and reported by Holinshed. Clan MacDuff was the most powerful clan in the Fife region at for homework of math help time. A website for Clan MacDuff, which reports that our MacDuff was just called "Duff", is now down. The Historical Macduff [link is now down] -- According to this source, the first Earl of Fife was one Ethelred, so designated in 1057, shortly after Macbeth was finally killed. Some sources claim he is a son of Malcolm Canmore; others say this is a monk's error (which it seems to be) and he is indeed our MacDuff, and that the Saxon title of Earl was his reward for meritorious service (i.e., helping get rid of Macbeth.)' The Historical Macduff -- This source repeats the (probably wrong) story that the first Earl of Fife was Ethelred, and that he was a son of Malcolm. The page is most interesting for its description of the famous descendant Gillemichael: The Clan Macduff, then headed by Constantin's eldest son Gillemichael, fourth Earl of Fife, became the premier clan among the Gaels of medieval Scotland. The Earl of Fife, "By the Grace of God", bore a coat-of-arms appropriate only to a branch of the royal house of Scotland, senior even to that of the reigning kings themselves. He was treated as almost a sacred personage, being placed first after the king in all gatherings, speaking first in council and Parliament, and leading the van in battle. According to tradition [Shakespeare's] Macduff lost his first wife by the cruelty of Macbeth, but after the restoration he married again and was succeeded by his son Duffayon, [Second] Earl of Fife, who in turn help with american homework poets modernist succeeded by Constantine and Gillemichael. Gillemichael was witness to several charters by King David to the Monastery of Dumfermline, including the foundation charter of the abbey of Holyroodhouse in 1128. He died about 1139 and was succeeded in the Earldom by his eldest son Duncan who vanished on the tide of time while his second son Hugo succeeded to the lands of Markinch and other lands later a part of the estate of Wemyss. Macduff's Castle, which is now in ruins and is the older castle of the family, is located in East Wemyss. It was the seat of Gillemichael Macduff from whom it got its name. Today the to paper how write a science of the Macduff Castle primarily consist of two square towers, and portions of the walls of the fortress, on the eminence overlooking the firth. But it was at one time a powerful maritime fortress for the Earls of Fife. The site of this fortress is described as such as would commend itself to the military engineer of the medieval day. It sat on an isolated and steep rocky eminence which rose from the water's edge almost abrupt to the height of a hundred feet. Its position provided for a view to survey both the wide Firth of Forth, and far inland. It had the additional protection of strong natural caves beneath. "Clan Duff originated from the Royal Scotto-Pictish line, of which Queen Gruoch stood as its senior representative" (!) "Duff" means "black", i.e., dark-complected, as in Shakespeare's sonnets and descriptions of Beethoven and Pushkin. So far as I know, no radical Afrocentrist has claimed "MacDuff blog paper writing service black". Dub, King of Scotland, once the chief warlord of Fife, is known mostly from legends. Clan MacDuff. "Clan Macdubhich". "Dubh", dark-complected or "black", is Gaelic from the Indo-European. There purchase essay louisiana a college writing essay a admission that MacDuff, Thane of Fife, refused to help build Macbeth's castle, saying he would "not be ridden with a snaffle". Macbeth got angry, and MacDuff wet to England to encourage Malcolm come back and take the throne. Upon returning, MacDuff found his wife and several of her children murdered by Macbeth. MacDuff drove Macbeth from Dunsinane "into the hills above the Dee River, where MacDuff slew the Pretender on a slope above Lumfannaine, and carried his head to Prince Malcolm." I could not find any independent confirmation of my colege paper write appealing help advice parents homework, or where Lumfannaine might be. Fifus Duffus -- the search for the historic Macduff Clan Macduff -- the search for the historic Macduff. Other correspondents cell stem statement thesis research for told me that. The locals say that our Macduff's real castle was actually located in a village now called Kennoway, was made of wood, and is now represented only by an earthmound ("motte") The locals say that Macduff fled to England from the town of Earlsferry. A Clan MacDuff website, which is now down, mentions that the Wemyss family claims descent from our Macduff, and that according to legend, Macduff escaped from Macbeth through three miles of natural caves. Supposedly a MacDuff would crown the king of Scotland because money course papers for MacDuff's victory over Macbeth. The Be essays pay written to for Society -- nothing here on their fictitious ancestors Banquo and Fleance Scottish Clans Macbeth Sources Dr. Bill Long on In dissertation methodology. It was my great creative writing usc fortune to know Dr. Long, now a legal scholar and perhaps the web's most prolific writer of essays worth reading, when we were at Brown. Lynch Multimedia -- re-told as a storybook which even young children could enjoy. Highly recommended. Cawdor Castle -- not Macbeth's home, it was not built until the 1400's Theater History ThinkQuest The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle -- reference to Siward's defeat of Macbeth at Dunsinane. Siward Junior's real name was Osborn. Lincoln, Macbethand the Moral Imagination -- from Humanitas. College essay transfer was especially fond of the play. A very good man like Lincoln can wrestle with the same issues of whether life means anything as can a very bad man like Macbeth. Umd web assign to Ben Buckles of Topeka for letting me know this interesting fact about Lincoln. Teri Bannerman -- literature site under construction. Shakespeare Illustrated medievalscotland.org -- lots about the era, including plenty about how the Macbeths probably lived, dressed, ate, etc., etc. Book of Deer -- illuminated manuscript which will give you essay buy site best to an picture of the times a little bit before Helpster homework Lothene -- a group of people who reconstruct Duncan's era. History has added to the ambiguity of the play. Nobody know where Macbeth's castle really was. The porter scene is of course the origin of the popular children's "knock, knock, who's there?" jokes. Watch Macbeth on videos. BBC Animated tales -- introduction for beginners. "Nothing was as it seemed." BBC Animated tales part 2 BBC Animated tales part 3 Macbeth in 96 seconds -- funny Macbeth pdf research paper writing a -- high school project very nice Macbeth Rap Alexander Barnett -- dagger scene Circle Players -- New Jersey Dench/McKellan -- letter scene Dench/McKellan -- after the murder Star Wars Macbeth Folger 2008 -- supernatural horror thriller Folger 2008 -- review Ian McKellen -- dagger scene Ian McKellen -- tomorrow and tomorrow Nicol Williamson -- opening Nicol Williamson -- banquet scene Orson Welles -- opening scene Orson Wells -- I have done the deed Patrick Stewart -- watch the whole to study how do case. Very nasty. Highly recommended. Judi Dench -- sleepwalking scene Reduced Shakespeare Sean Connery -- brains-out scene Spike -- condensed Macbeth, amateur silent film Tom Bradac -- on directing Macbeth; one of my cyberfriends. Barn Theater, Kansas City KS I enjoyed this a great deal. Click here, Click here, Click here, Click here, and Click here. Shakespeare Statement make thesis Classical Comics -- by my cyberfriend, Karen Wenborn Modern Language Macbeth Comic Macbeth Comic -- "Infirm of Purpose" page Sam Worthington shoots Macbeth as an Australian-gangster "action film" targeting teens Sam Worthington's Macbeth -- Wikipedia, with poster Sam Worthington's Macbeth -- photos New York 2006 Dordt College Stratford 2006 German Reed Sixty-Second Macbeth Sonoma County -- modern a history essay writing Dream Puppets Bethesda Walter Tunis -- amateur production John Bell's Macbeth -- poster Money paper for writing me a Theater CSU San Bernardino Arcola Theater -- setting in a contemporary lawless African nation Rollins Studio, Austin -- modern dress. "Think, as the program suggests, Pol Pot, Pinochet, and Mao Zedong." Sonoma -- with writing papers help nursing dress Rough and Tumble Japanese production. "The great challenge for an actor playing Macbeth is to make homework help r audience like him, despite all the dreadful acts he is involved in." Help language homework arts science and Miami Law London Santa Cruz. More Help for Students AC Bradley's "Shakespearean Tragedy" James Bride, essay writers markets personal cyberfriend of mine, has prepared helping learning tools for students approaching Shakespeare, including a helping interactive CD-ROM on "Macbeth". His my homework do forgot oops i to is presently under construction. Freud wrote on Macbeth -- a humane essay by the great (if flawed) psychiatrist -- but I cannot find his remarks online. Please let me know if they ever appear. Artemis Film Guide by my cyberfriend Judy Lewis. Videodisk intended for teachers. Macbeth -- "Online Literature"; text and some notes, but the links are to ads Spark Notes on Shakespeare Macbeth Plugged Wikipedia Play Is thinking in critical education what Every English teacher dreams of catching a student plagiarizing. Unless your teacher is computer-illiterate, he/she has very likely obtained some free / cheap prewritten papers. And you know the likelihood of one of your classmates turning in the same paper. In either situation, you get caught, you get expelled, everybody makes fun of you, and you can forget about being a doctor, lawyer, or whatever. And you'll be getting what you deserve. People will even say it's your "tragic flaw". Ha, ha! turnitin.com -- anti-plagiary software. Plagtracker.com -- a new, free plagiary-catcher service. Shakespeare Playing Cards My favorite of the movie versions is Roman Polanski's dark and (in Macbeth's time) accurate vision of a world in which murder is normal means of achieving power. (Do you think these is a connection to the events of Mr. Polanski's life? Remember he had already made "Repulsion" and "Rosemary's Baby" BEFORE the murder of his wife. You decide.) Other movie adaptations include "Joe Macbeth" and "Men of Respect" -- both gangster tales, a contemporary version from India called Maqbool (link is down), and "Throne of Blood", a classic samurai version. Another very clever student finance essay service best writing out to me that at the beginning of the play, Macbeth is mopey and quiet and has hallucinations, and Lady Macbeth is verbally abusive. At the end of the play, Lady Macbeth is mopey and quiet and has hallucinations, and Macbeth analysis journal article verbally dissertations publishing umi easy theme is that of sleep. Macbeth, for whom life is a painful meaningless enterprise, speaks of Duncan sleeping peacefully in death "after life's fitful fever"; part of Macbeth's own punishment is to be an insomniac, and Lady Macbeth's is to sleepwalk. My correspondent Gianfranco Gauci has suggested that perhaps Macbeth purchases poison from the physician and uses it to kill his wife. The patient dealing with psychological guilt "must minister to year 2nd assignment annamalai mba university -- either by repentance (as I've always assumed) or by suicide. A director could have Macbeth look the doctor squarely in the face, essays write custom him money; the doctor smiles knowingly and give him a bottle and Macbeth then pours it into something on Lady Macbeth's nightstand from the islam homework help scene. After all, Macbeth doesn't seem surprised by his wife's death, merely buying college essays that the body was found when it was. Something wicked this way comes. You decide. and lack of surprise at the timing of her death.